|Coffee plant, coffee tree, Arabian coffee, coffee shrub
|Prefers high altitude where there is both a wet and a dry season. Coffee loves the shade.
Coffee Tree Varieties
Most of the arabica coffee varieties come from two originals, the Bourbon and Typica coffee trees. Each come with their own pros and cons. For instance, the Bourbon produces more coffee, but doesn’t do as well in harsh conditions, whereas the Typica is a bit more hardy but produces less beans.
Here are a few of the most popular coffee plant varieties that can be found around the world:
A natural hybrid of the Bourbon and Typica varieties, this plant does well in higher altitudes. It takes a while for the cherries to mature, but the flavor is exquisite.
A relatively new-found variety, the Geisha plant was discovered in the early 2000s on a farm in Panama, but was found again later in Ethiopia.
Kent is a Typica cultivar that was cultivated on the Kent Estate in India. It is grown throughout India and a sub-section of the variety, known as K7, is commonly found in Kenya.
This natural hybrid between the arabica and robusta species was discovered in Indonesia in the 1940s. This hardy plant is resilient to some plant diseases.
This Typica variety was originally introduced to the island of Java from Yemen. It gives a moderate yield and is resilient to the diseases in the areas they are typically grown. They can be recognized by their young, bronze-colored leaves.
The Maragogype is a Typica mutant that produces large cherries, though in a lower yield. It was first recognized in 1870 in Brazil.
Coffea Arabica Basic Care
Common Problems With Coffee Trees
If you notice the following problems with your plant, take preventative action immediately:
How Coffea Arabica Spreads
The coffee plant can be propagated and spread in three different ways: by seed, cuttings, or air laters. Here is a little information about each:
Companion Plants to Coffee Tree
If you have a few coffee trees planted outside, you may wonder what can be grown alongside the plant to maximize the space. While you should never plant pumpkins, carrots, or cucumber nearby, here are a few plants that work well as companion plants to the coffee plant:
Kale, known as Brassica oleracea, is a popular edible plant that is grown in many vegetable gardens. This loose-leafed plant will typically grow bluish-green, but can also come in varieties of purple, red, or green. The plant is a cousin of cabbage and contains many nutrients and vitamins. Not only is it full of fiber, but it contains calcium, antioxidants, iron, and vitamins C and K. Kale is often consumed by people who are working toward living a healthy lifestyle. It is a bit chewy but is also very tender.
It is very easy to grow this popular snack at home. All you need to start growing peanuts are raw, uncooked peanuts in their shell (they should be fresh). Just stick the peanut into the ground about 2 inches into the soil and in 4 to 5 months, you may be able to dig up between 25 and 50 peanuts. Not only are peanuts delicious, but they are also very healthy for you. They contain healthy fats, folate, magnesium, zinc, iron, calcium, and vitamins A and E. Whether you eat them a handful at a time or blend them into peanut butter, growing your own peanuts can be rewarding.
Similar Plants to the Coffee Tree
The following plants are similar to the coffee plant in one way or another, either by similar looks or in containing caffeine:
Native to Europe, chicory is a plant that is often grown as a cool-season crop for culinary purposes. Both the leaves and the roots of the plants are used as home remedies for constipation, rapid heartbeat, upset stomach, and other ailments. The taste of hickory is often compared to coffee and is described as woody, nutty, and earthy. Eaten raw, it can be very bitter. The stems of the plant can grow up to 36 inches tall and will be stiff and hairy. Light purple or blue flowers produced by the plant are often used to decorate flowers.
Green Tea Overview
The plant that makes up green tea is called Camellia sinensis. The leaves and buds of the plant are used in the popular drink that was originally hailed from China. The difference between green tea, black teas, and oolong tea is that the product has not gone through the withering and oxidation process. Camellia Sinensis grows dark green leaves that come to a pointy tip. The leaves have serrated edges and are oval in shape. The leaves have hairy undersides and tend to grow between 2 to 4 inches long.
Frequently Asked Questions
How Large Will Your Coffee Plant Grow?
With proper care, your coffee tree can grow to be about 6 feet tall (183 cm) indoors. You can also prune it back to keep it shorter or more bush-like if you wish. As it grows, you will want to re-pot it into an appropriate sized container with organic potting soil.
When the plant reaches 8 inches (20 cm) in height, transfer it to a 12-18 (30-46 cm) container using a good, potting soil and nitrogen-rich fertilizer.
It will take 12-18 months of growth before you can transfer it into its final container (which will be the size of a half-wine barrel). At this stage, your coffee tree should be between 24-36 inches (60-92 cm) high.
What is the Ideal Potting Container for Your Coffee Tree?
The ideal potting container for your coffee plant will have the following features:
- It will be made of either plastic or clay – these are lightweight, making your plant easier to move when necessary.
- Deep, with good drainage – keep your root system healthy by giving it room to grow and allowing water to drain through properly.