|Common Name||Dragon tree, dragon plant, Madagascar dragon tree|
|Scientific Name:||Dracaena marginata|
|Plant Type||Broadleaf evergreen|
|Origin||Canary Islands, Cape Verde, Morocco, Portugal|
Dragon Tree Varieties
Here is a list of popular Dragon Tree cultivars:
This plant is slow-growing, making it the perfect indoor tree for several years. Like other Dragon Trees, this plant will spread its leaves at the top of its trunks. It requires very little hands-on care.
The Arborea does better when it is planted outside in a hot, dry environment. It grows a thick trunk and can be planted in both direct sun and shade.
Song of India
This Dragon Tree plant grows beautiful yellow and green leaves that can add color to your room. It grows quite slowly.
The Draco can grow quite tall when planted outdoors, producing very long, sword-like leaves. Many reach heights between 20 – 25 feet tall.
How to Care for Indoor Dragon Tree
Dragon Trees are fairly easy to care for and are a perfect first tree for any budding indoor gardener. That being said, there are a few things you should make sure you do in order to keep your plant thriving year after year.
Common Problems with Dragon Tree
Even though the Dracaena is easy to care for, there are a few common issues you should keep in mind. Look for the signs of these issues so that you can fix the issues right away.
How to Propagate a Dragon Tree
You can propagate some Dracaena plants in water by pruning some of the long canes. Remove the foliage at the bottom of the canes and place them in water. Place them in an area that has a lot of indirect, bright light but not in direct sunlight as the plants may burn.
Replace the water every few days to ensure that bacteria doesn’t build up. Make sure that the container is less than half-full, allowing most of the stem to stay out, protecting it from root rot.
If successful, you should be able to see roots beginning to emerge in 10 – 14 days. Eventually, you can transplant the dragon tree into well-draining soil.
Companion Plants to a Dragon Tree
What you plant with your dragon tree will depend on the size of your plant and the container in which it is planted. As the Dragon Plant is so tall and takes up a lot of space with the root system, it is a good idea to stick to planting annuals in with the plant. That being said, there are several pretty flowers that grow well with the dracaena.
Here are a few you can try:
Also known as “touch-me-not” flowers, Impatiens can add color to your planter as well as a bit of green foliage. These shade-tolerating flowering plants will produce long-lasting blooms in a variety of colors, including purple, violet, coral, pink, red, white, and yellow. The flowers, which get their name from the way they shoot themselves out of the earth, produce five-petaled blooms (some varieties have doubles) that will typically range between 1 – 2 1/4 inches wide. Their alternate leaves are smooth with serrate margins which are oval to elliptic in shape.
Petunias are a very popular annual that is known for their versatility. They can be planted in almost any container and still thrive. The plant is an herb, but should not be consumed as it is a nightshade. The leaves are often oval-shaped and have toothless margins, though some have sticky hairs on them. They are also sessile, meaning they don’t have a leaf stem or a petiole. The flowers on the petunia are wide and trumpet-shaped and come in a variety of colors and designs, including veined, striped, and solid colors.
Violets are known for their heart-shaped leaves. All violets are symmetrical, with five petals on each. Despite the name, violets come in more than just a shade of purple. In fact, you can find violets that come in yellow, pink, white, orange, cream-colored, red, and blue as well. The specific shape of the flower may define which species to which it belongs. The plant is a slow-growing perennial, so if you like it, you should plant a few different colors for interest so that you can reap the full benefits in a few years.
Leafy plants also look great when planted near a Dragon Tree. Consider trying a Dieffenbachia, Spathiphyllum, or a Philodendron with your plant.
Plants that are Similar to Dragon Tree
The Dragon Tree is popular because it is a tree that can grow indoors. If you are looking for other indoor trees or fantastic plants, consider checking out one of the following:
Corn Plant Overview
Corn Plants are easy to care for and do well in both indirect light and shade. They are both simple and elegant, adding a bit of decor to any room of your home. The plant is named due to the foliage that resembles that of growing corn. The bright leaves are often variegated and can bring a fresh, tropical look to your home. While they can grow in lower light conditions, they will grow more slowly. If you can periodically move them closer to the windows during the growing season, you will be able to enjoy a larger plant.
Ficus Alii Overview
If you live in a low-humidity environment and want an indoor tree, check out the Ficus Alii. This fairly new cultivar is also often sold with a braided trunk. The plant features a long, tall trunk that spreads out into crisp green leaves, making any room look a little more regal. The olive-green leaves are long and narrow and slightly curved to hang down on the tree. In the right conditions, the tree can grow to be between 8 and 10 feet tall with leaves that range in size between 3 and 10 inches.
Majesty Palm Overview
Originally from Madagascar, the majesty palm is a fuller plant that is known for cleaning the air in your home. Some of the toxins it removes include carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, and benzene. It loves light and humidity, so it should be kept in south-facing windows if possible. This robust plant has graceful, tropical fronds and is typically found planted on the banks of rivers. The leaves grow directly from the front, arching at the ends. The plant gets its name from the crown-like look mature palms have.